How to Prepare for an Oral Exam // Oral Examination Tips & Tricks
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The onSET is a standardized language placement test using the C-test format. It enables a quick and accurate measurement of general language proficiency in German or English.
Participants edit several short texts containing 20 gaps each. The gaps are created by deleting parts of certain words. The texts are on different topics and are presented in increasing level of difficulty. Each participant edits a different combination of texts but the overall level of difficulty is the same for each participant.
One point is awarded for each correctly filled gap. Trained task designers from g. Experts examine the texts from a theoretical, linguistic and mother-tongue perspective and only then do they release suitable tasks for trialling.
Regular communication takes place between all parties involved. Each newly created C-test is tested thoroughly before it is used operationally in the onSET.
At least language learners edit the texts. They belong to the same target group as the participants in the onSET. The same rules apply during the trial tests as later in the real test. This means, for example, that there is a time limit for completing the task and it is not possible to return to an already completed text.
Participants' responses are then evaluated centrally at the TestDaF-Institut. The difficulty and degree of accuracy of the new tasks, as well as the ability of the participants, are determined by means of psychometric analyses based on Rasch models. The tasks are tested according to differential item functioning DIF and other deviations from model assumptions.
Tasks with acceptable statistical properties are included in the item bank. The Rasch analyses provide essential information for the standard setting, i. The definition of the cut scores rests on the prototype group method PGM in combination with an analysis employing the receiver operating characteristic ROC model. Each participant receives a different, newly compiled task set. When selecting the individual tasks from the item bank, the topic and level of difficulty are taken into account.
The overall level of difficulty of the tasks within the sets is the same for all participants. The use of the LOFT method and the automatic evaluation of the participant responses ensure an equally objective and fair test for all participants.
In addition to issues of construct validity, research is being carried out into testlet effects, the standard setting and the difficulty of individual test tasks. The results of the investigations are published in specialist journals and books.
What do C-tests do? Which linguistic structures or competencies are reflected in the responses to C-test tasks? What cognitive processes underlie the responses? Which standard setting methods are suitable for this?
How well-defined are the cut scores? Which psychometric models are suitable for scaling C-tests? How well do the estimated parameters for tasks difficulty level and the participants ability level agree with the different models? Which models and software packages provide rapid creation and extension of a calibrated item bank? What influence does the dependency between gaps in the onSET tasks testlets have on the reliability estimation, as well as the estimation of person parameters general language competence and item parameters difficulty, separation, precision?
How does the overall language competence measured by the onSET relate to competencies such as reading comprehension, listening comprehension, written and oral production, which are recorded separately in examinations as part of standardized language tests? What factors determine the difficulty of the C-test tasks of both the texts and the gaps? Setting cut scores on an EFL placement test using the prototype group method: A receiver operating characteristic ROC analysis.
Language Testing , 34 , — Untersuchungen am Beispiel des onDaF. Zeitschrift für Interkulturellen Fremdsprachenunterricht , 21 2 , — Candidate evaluation strategies for improved difficulty prediction of language tests. Association for Computational Linguistics. Using testlet response theory to examine local dependence in C-tests.
Applied Measurement in Education, 28, Predicting the difficulty of language proficiency tests. Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 2 , — Examinee-centered standard setting for large-scale assessments: The prototype group method. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 54, — Item banking for C-tests: A polytomous Rasch modeling approach.
Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 53, — Theoretische Grundlagen, Konstruktion und Validierung. Contributions from current research S. Rasch models for C-tests: Closing the gap on modern psychometric theory. Bestimmung von Kompetenzniveaus mit der Prototypgruppenmethode. Theory, empirical research, applications S. A closer look at the construct validity of C-tests.
Language Testing, 23, — Rasch-Analysen mit dem kontinuierlichen Ratingskalen-Modell. Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Anwendungen Bd. The result of the onSET is reported as the total score. A2 , B1 , B2 or C1 or higher. If an application needs more refinement in terms of classification, such as B1. If, for example, a participant whose language competence in the onSET-Deutsch has been scored as B1 reaches a total score of 64 points, his or her performance could be assigned to the lower B1 level 10 points below the lower limit of the B1 core range.
With a total of 87 points, the upper B1 range would be considered 8 points above the upper limit of the B1 core area. The prerequisites for obtaining data vary according to the type of data required for the particular research project. The use of these data and materials is not subject to any prerequisites except that, as is good scientific practice, the source e.
The request must clearly indicate, in detail, what information is required and what information is to be used. Requests of this type from non-licensed institutions or individual will be answered only if a genuine research interest is demonstrated and justified. In such cases, g. Raw data includes, for example, results of individual participants in the onSET, demographic information on the participants, evaluations of participant performance in the productive parts of a the TestDaF exam, etc.
Such access is linked to a number of prerequisites:. In the case of a positive assessment, only the data required to answer the question referred to in the proposal will be made available by g. The applicant undertakes to explicitly mention in his or her own work both the data source as well as g.
This also applies to academic qualification work B. In cases where it is justified, direct access may be granted to applicants for such purposes, to universities or individuals, or in co-operation with licensed partners of g. This will be decided by the g. With the onSET, all those who learn German or English as a foreign language can check their language skills - fast, precise, online! The design of the onSET. Construct validation of C-tests.
Standard setting for the onSET. Psychometric modeling of C-tests. Testlet effects in the onSET. Relationship of the onSET to skills-based language tests. Difficulty of C-test tasks. Data and materials which are publicly accessible. Include Information published on g. Summary statistics on test results or participant data in individual test centres, regions or countries.
Anonymous raw data or microdata. Such access is linked to a number of prerequisites: The applicant must submit a multi-page research proposal that shows the scientific question, the hypotheses to be tested and the planned data analysis. This outline is subject to a careful assessment procedure. Access to the onSET for teaching or research purposes.
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Research | onSET Language Placement Test
Examination dates fixed for end-of-term: April, July and December are oral: The exam candidates can check the result of their exams online. Exam will end cca on Tuesday with the result announcement and diploma pick-up. Please be present on both days as you will have one oral sessions on. The exam consists of a written and an oral part. The written we are currently experiencing long waiting times for the examination results of the telc B1 - exam.